How to Start a Business in Panama

Many outsiders living here are firing up new organizations in Panama consistently.

Panama offers numerous chances for business visionaries. You can begin a bar, eatery, retail shop, lodging, bed and breakfast, give local escorts or expert administrations.

Possibly you are pondering starting another Desratizacion business full time? Or on the other hand, you are resigned and considering sitting back by participating in low maintenance business.

Whichever you do, Panamanian laws should be perceived and conformed to. That is the reason the accompanying data will be valuable for each peruser who is contemplating beginning a business in Panama.


Your first thought is to choose what kind of business design to utilize.

There are 3 typical business elements here in Panama:

Sole Proprietor where you and your mate and family work a business as sole proprietors.

Association where you collaborate with at least one people in maintaining the business.

Partnership where you register with the public authority as an organization giving stocks, having a Board of Directors and corporate officials.

While a sole ownership can be an oral arrangement between close relatives, the other two elements need the help of a Panamanian legal advisor. That is on the grounds that authoritative reports should be arranged framing a Partnership or Corporation. In case they are wrongly ready, they will be lawfully invalid and void causing a business lawful bad dream for its individuals.

We should look at the changed lawful designs here in Panama:

Partnership (Sociedad Anonima)

Partnerships are shaped under the Law No. 32 of 1927 and the Commercial Code (Decree-Law No. 5 of 1997, Article 5).

A Panamanian partnership is shaped by two people (called Subscribers) or Nominees (who follow up for missing outsiders) who execute authoritative reports called the Articles of Incorporation. Those archives are documented with the Panama Public Registry office. After the organization is framed, just a single investor will be required.

Corporate offers are given which can be of different classes, can have standard worth or not, might be formally enlisted, or can be cautious Bearer shares.

The partnership should have an inhabitant Registered Agent (Panamanian legal advisor).

There should be no less than three Directors whose names should be in the Articles of Incorporation. Any progressions of Directors should likewise be recorded with the Public Registry. Except if the Articles are changed or the organization unions or disintegrates there will be no other documenting necessities.

Unfamiliar Corporation

On the off chance that you as of now have an enterprise in another country, it can work together in Panama by recording the accompanying reports at the Public Registry Office:

1. An authenticated Spanish interpretation of the Articles of Incorporation;

2. Top managerial staff minutes approving the Panamanian enrollment;

3. Duplicates of the latest fiscal reports;

4. An authentication from a Panamanian Consul affirming that the organization is coordinated by the laws of its place of joining;

5. Warning of the exchange of funding to the Panamanian activity.

General Partnership

General Partnerships are allowed in Panama. Likewise with most nations, the accomplices will have limitless common responsibility. That implies each accomplice can be sued regardless of whether just one of them submits a blunder throughout business.

Restricted Partnership

Restricted Partnerships (called Sociedad de Responsibilidad) are likewise allowed in Panama. They are represented by the Commercial Code and Law No. 24 of 1966.

There might be from 2 to 20 accomplices without any limitations concerning their identities or home. Their Capital should be basically $2,000 up to $500,000. The names of the accomplices should be enlisted with the Public Registry Office including the measure of Capital each contributed. Each accomplice’s respectful obligation for the Partnership’s obligations is restricted to the sum bought in to yet neglected. On the off chance that the Partnership names an autonomous head, his/her name should likewise be enlisted. No gatherings are required if the Partnership has 5 individuals or less. Something else, a gathering should be held in some measure one time each year. There are no necessities for yearly returns or documenting of any accountings.

An option in contrast to a Sole Proprietorship is to make an Individual Limited Proprietorship (Empressa Individual de Responsibilidad Limitada). This is set up in a similar way as a Limited Partnership aside from having just a single part. The individual exchanges his/her resources for the business. Business common risk is restricted to the measure of the serious resources.

Common Partnership

A Civil Partnership (Sociedad Civil) is permitted by the Commercial Code and Law No. 24 of 1966. The responsibility of the accomplices is limitless. This kind of organization is regularly chosen by experts like attorneys and bookkeepers.

Commandite Company

The Commandite Company (Sociedad en Commandita) is a half breed organization and partnership likewise represented by the Commercial Code and Law No. 24 of 1966. Somewhere around one accomplice should have limitless responsibility, while the obligation of the restricted accomplices is restricted to the measure of capital bought in. This kind of legitimate construction is only sometimes utilized in Panama.


When you have either shaped a Panamanian Corporation, or a Partnership, or are going about as a Sole Proprietor, you should enroll your business with the public authority prior to really getting started.

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